Skip to content

Urgent law reform needed to prevent sexual harassment at work

The Power to Prevent Coalition is calling on the Australian Government to act now to prevent sexual harassment at work by implementing all remaining recommendations of the Respect@Work report.

In a formal submission to the Government’s consultation process which closed today, the Coalition has highlighted eight legislative reforms that can deliver on the Respect@Work plan for safe and gender-equal workplaces that are free from sexual harassment.

It includes the introduction of a positive duty on employers to stop sex discrimination and harassment before it happens, and new powers to be given to the Australian Human Rights Commission to investigate, monitor and enforce compliance.

The report also called for the Fair Work Act to be clarified to expressly prohibit sexual harassment as defined in the Sex Discrimination Act. The report also recommended that people who have been sexually harassed should be able to be supported by representative bodies to take legal action.

It also recommended that in situations where multiple people have been sexually harassed, that organisations be further empowered to make legal claims on their behalf.

Two years on from the Respect@Work report, we urge the Australian Government to address these remaining legislative reforms without further delay.

The Power to Prevent Coalition represents more than 60 diverse community organisations from around the country and across the health, family violence, business, union and legal sectors.

Every day, we see the impacts of sexual harassment and the failures of our systems to prevent it.

At least one in three Australians have been sexually harassed at work within the past five years.

Conducted by the Sex Discrimination Commissioner, the report also highlighted the gendered and intersectional nature of workplace sexual harassment, and the disproportionate impacts on women, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women, women of colour, women living with disability, younger and older women, and women facing socioeconomic disadvantage, as well as LGBTIQ+ communities.

Quotes attributable to ACTU President Michele O’Neil

‘The Government has had nearly a decade to act to make workplaces and our community safer for women. They have had the Respect@Work report on their desk for two years. Still, working women are waiting for this Government to take the practical steps that will reduce harassment and violence in Australian workplaces.’

‘Women don’t need another committee or report or inquiry. The Government knows what it needs to do, and Australian women are sick of waiting.’

Quotes attributable to Victoria Legal Aid Equality Law Program Manager Melanie Schleiger

‘The Respect@Work report sets out clear and sensible legal reforms to empower workers to take action against incidents of sexual harassment and strengthen their rights – this is essential reform that two years on, remains unfinished.’

‘Creating a positive duty on employers to prevent sexual harassment is one of the key recommendations in the Respect@Work report. It is the employer who has the power to understand the problem, identify the sexual harassment risk factors and to create a safe workplace – not a 15-year-old working in their first job, a woman on a temporary visa or someone afraid of losing their job.’

‘Sexual harassment at work is pervasive, but it is preventable. With these important changes, we have the power to make safe, equitable and respectful workplaces a reality.’

Quotes attributable to Jumbunna Institute for Indigenous Education and Research Professor Nareen Young

‘The human resource frameworks around workplace sexual harassment have been failing employees for a long time. The recommendations of Respect@Work are sensible, workable and welcome.’

‘Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are particularly vulnerable to sexual harassment at work given the larger racism and discrimination that exists both at work and in Australian society more generally, and the history of sexual violence that exists towards Indigenous women.’

Quotes attributable to Women’s Legal Centre ACT Head of Practice Bethany Hender

‘Current legal protections against sexual harassment are failing our clients. We hear from young women leaving their professions, migrant women too scared to speak up, and older women facing unemployment and homelessness after enduring years of harassment at work.’

‘Sadly, very few of these women want to pursue the legal avenues currently available, disheartened by the heavy burden to obtain justice. The uncertainty, the emotional toll, the career damage, and the enormous financial risks are silencing women and allowing sexual harassment to remain prevalent.’

‘We are calling for sensible and practical improvements that will help prevent sexual harassment from occurring and reduce the heavy burden on victim-survivors. The women we represent need real change, not further reviews.’

Quotes attributable to Women’s Legal Service NSW Principal Solicitor Philippa Davis

‘Everyone should have the right to be safe at work, to work in a place which is respectful and free from sexual harassment. They should also have an expectation that if they are sexually harassed at work, that the laws will protect them and will hold the perpetrator and employer to account.’

‘It’s time for workplaces to take responsibility for their important role in providing a safe workplace and to be held accountable if they fail to do so. We also need laws which give the Australian Human Rights Commission powers to enforce the new duty, as well as powers to investigate systemic sex discrimination and sexual harassment, so the burden does not always fall to individual victim-survivors.’

Quotes attributable to Basic Rights Queensland Interim Director Claire Moore

‘The Respect@Work Report responded to the pain, fear and anger of women who have experienced sexual harassment in their workplaces – the clear expectation of all workers must be that their workplaces are safe, and this report exposed the terrible reality that this is not what has happened for so many.’

‘Respect@Work has raised the expectation for genuine change, and the response must be delivered comprehensively and with appropriate resources.’

Spokespeople are available for interview.

Media contacts:

For ACTU: Isabella Tilley 0414 894 040 or
For Victoria Legal Aid and Women’s Legal Centre ACT: Crys Ja, Senior Communications Adviser, 0457 483 780 or
For Jumbunna Institute of Indigenous Education and Research: Professor Nareen Young 0400 390 751
For Women’s Legal Service NSW: Philippa Davis 0422 427 699


Everyone deserves to be safe at work and free from sexual harassment, but our current system is failing us. While sexual harassment is pervasive across all industries and all employment levels in Australia, it is not inevitable. We have the power to prevent it.

We call on the Australian Government to implement all remaining recommendations of the Respect@Work report in full and without further delay. This includes urgently amending our laws to create the following eight changes:

  1. Confirmation that one of the objects of the Sex Discrimination Act 1984 (Cth) is substantive equality – Recommendation 16(a)
  2. Amending the Sex Discrimination Act to prohibit the creation of a hostile, sexist working environment – Recommendation 16(c)
  3. A positive duty on all employers to take reasonable and proportionate steps to stop sex discrimination and sexual harassment – Recommendation 17
  4. New compliance and investigation powers for the Australian Human Rights Commission to enforce the positive duty – Recommendation 18
  5. A new inquiry power for the Sex Discrimination Commissioner to investigate systemic sexual harassment – Recommendation 19
  6. A new process to allow representative bodies to bring actions to court on behalf of people who have been sexually harassed – Recommendation 23
  7. Creating an express prohibition on sexual harassment and an accessible new complaints process in the Fair Work Act 2009 (Cth) – Recommendation 28
  8. A new Work Health and Safety Code of Practice on Sexual Harassment at Work – Recommendation 35

One of the core findings of Respect@Work was that our current laws are ‘simply no longer fit for purpose’ and should require employers to take proactive measures to prevent sexual harassment.

Respect@Work highlighted the disproportionate impacts of sexual harassment on women, in particular on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women, women of colour, women with disability, younger women, older women, low paid and insecurely employed women, and on LGBTIQ+ communities. It found that we must address gender inequity as the main driver of sexual harassment.

Two years on, we are deeply concerned that key recommendations from Respect@Work have still not been implemented. These sensible and practical changes to our laws must be made urgently to help create gender-equal and inclusive workplaces that are safe, respectful and equitable for everyone.

The Power2Prevent Coalition is a group of more than 60 diverse community organisations, unions, academics, peak bodies, health professionals, lawyers and victim-survivors. We see the effects of sexual harassment on people around Australia every day and how our systems are not responding to the issues.

We stand together to call for this urgent reform to prevent sexual harassment at work.

List of Signatories (as at March 2022)

1. Australian Council of Trade Unions
2. Basic Rights Queensland
3. Carol Andrades, Senior Fellow, University of Melbourne
4. Construction Forestry Maritime Mining Energy Union
5. Community and Public Sector Union
6. Domestic Violence NSW
7. Dr Alysia Blackham, Associate Professor, Melbourne Law School, University of Melbourne
8. Dr Belinda Smith, Associate Professor, Sydney Law School, University of Sydney
9. Dr Dominique Allen, Associate Professor, Monash University
10. Drummond Street Services
11. Australian Education Union
12. Emerita Professor, Margaret Thornton, Australian National University
13. Employment Rights Legal Service
14. Equality Rights Alliance
15. Fair Agenda
16. Finance Sector Union
17. Full Stop Australia
18. GenWest
19. Grata Fund
20. Health Services Union
21. Independent Education Union of Australia
22. Job Watch
23. Jumbunna Institute for Indigenous Education and Research
24. Justice Connect
25. Kingsford Legal Centre
26. Australian Lawyers Alliance
27. Legal Aid Queensland
28. Maritime Union of Australia
29. Maurice Blackburn
30. National Tertiary Education Union
31. North Queensland Women’s Legal Service
32. Northern Territory Legal Aid Commission
33. Not in My Workplace
34. Australian Nursing & Midwifery Federation
35. Professor Beth Gaze, Melbourne Law School, University of Melbourne
36. Professor Nareen Young, Jumbunna Institute, UTS
37. Professor Sara Charlesworth, Director of the Centre for People, Organisation & Work, RMIT
38. Public Interest Advocacy Centre
39. Queensland Council of Unions
40. Redfern Legal Centre
41. Safe Steps
42. Australian Services Union
43. Sexual Assault Services Victoria
44. Shop Distributive and Allied Employees’ Association
45. South-East Monash Legal Service Inc.
46. United Workers Union
47. Victoria Legal Aid
48. Victorian Trades Hall Council
49. WestJustice
50. Wirringa Baiya Aboriginal Women’s Legal Centre
51. Women with Disabilities Victoria
52. Women’s Health and Wellbeing Barwon South West
53. Women’s Health in the South East
54. Women’s Health NSW
55. Women’s Health Victoria
56. Women’s Information and Referral Exchange Inc
57. Women’s Legal Centre ACT
58. Women’s Legal Service Australia
59. Women’s Legal Service NSW
60. Women’s Legal Service Victoria
61. Working Women’s Centre South Australia Inc
62. Young Workers Centre